VIS Report: Surveillance of Injuries over the past 3 years (January 2007 - December 2009)

VIS (Violence-related Injury Surveillance)
Network of Violence-related Injury Surveillance Systems for the Southern Border Provinces Area
Violence-related Injury Surveillance (VIS) Report for the
Southern Border Provinces Area
for January 2007 - December 2009
          The Violence-related Injury Surveillance (VIS) System for the Southern Border Provinces Area was established in January 2007 to develop the data system that would facilitate the development of emergency medical services, determination of strategies and plans, resource allocation, control and prevention of injuries, and healing and recovery for those who were affected by violence in the Southern Border Provinces area.  The target group (population under surveillance) are all individuals who were injured or deceased from intentional injury who received treatment or whose autopsy was performed at the 48 governmental hospitals in Songkla, Satul, Pattani, Yala, and Narathiwat Provinces.  This report presents the results of analysis of the data from the surveillance system, which only includes incidents resulting from the situation of unrest in the Southern Border Provinces.
          There were a total of 2,478 incidents with 5,561 individuals who were injured.  The injury rate is 4.6/100,000 population per month.  The number of the deceased was1,390 individuals, with a death rate of 1.2/100,000 population per month.  The case fatality rate (CFR) was 25% and there were a total of 4,400 family members of the injured and the deceased who were affected.
Remark: The situational report of the violence-related injury surveillance (VIS) can be downloaded at the VIS Website: http://medipe or (Content mainly in Thai)
Download the Full Report (in Thai)


 Table 1. Number of incidents by district






The Injured and the Deceased





Medical Treatment 





Delivery from the Scene
          Among the 5,561 individuals who were injured, 964 were deceased at the scene, 14 were deceased en route to the hospital, 848 came to the hospital by themselves, 343 were delivered by EMS, 75 were delivered by other rescue services, 646 were delivered by the military, 498 were delivered by the police, 507 were delivered by relatives/villagers, 1,352 were in other categories and 314 were not specified.  The mean time of travel from the scene of the injury to the hospital ws 30 minutes (IQR = 15-60 minutes)



Among the 4,583 injured individuals who came to the hospitals, their statuses at discharge were as follow: 224 were cured, 2,460 were in better condition, 180 were not in better condition, 412 were deceased, and 1,307 did not have available data.
There were a total of 4,400 affected individuals in the families of the injured and the deceased.
          Among the 5,561 injured individuals, there were 1,527 patients who were referred (1,713 referrals).  As for the vehicle for referral, 1,671 referrals were made by ambulance, 29 referrals were not made by ambulance, and 13 referrals did not have details of the vehicle.  The caretaker during referral were physicians in 22 referrals, nurses in 992 referrals, there were no caretakers in 6 referrals, other caretakers in 651 referrals.  The median time for referral was 50 minutes (IQR = 30-67 minutes).